Understanding Guardianship of a Minor in Maryland

Guardianship of a Minor in Maryland

Is someone you care about unable to take care of their child? Do you feel the urge to intervene and safeguard the welfare of their children? Guardianship of a minor in Maryland provides a remedy to ensure that a child’s needs are met.

Guardianship of a minor refers to the legal authority granted to an individual to care for and make decisions on behalf of a child when the natural parents are unable or unfit to do so. Guardianship prioritizes the child’s well-being. It encompasses responsibilities related to the child’s health, education, and overall welfare.

However, it is crucial to have an understanding of the rights and obligations associated with assuming guardianship of a minor in Maryland. In this article, we will outline the duties that come with guardianship, the steps involved in becoming a guardian, and the process of how to contest guardianship.

What is Guardianship of a Minor in Maryland?

Guardianship of a minor is a legal relationship where the court appoints an individual (the “guardian”) to make decisions for a child (“the ward”) whose parents cannot fulfill their parental roles.

The court-appointed guardian’s role, which can be temporary or permanent, includes responsibilities ranging from daily care and education decisions to managing the child’s property and finances. A guardian’s goal is to always prioritize the minor’s best interests.

Guardianship vs. Custody

Guardianship refers to legal obligations regarding a minor’s personal, medical, and occasionally financial affairs. This responsibility is assumed when parents are unable to care for their children.

On the other hand, custody specifically deals with the rights and duties related to raising a child. Typically, custody is established during divorce or separation proceedings. It involves decisions regarding the child’s residence and how parenting time is divided.

Types of Guardianship

There are 2 types of guardianship:

Guardianship of the person, where the guardian is responsible for a minor’s physical well-being. This includes education, healthcare decisions, and daily routines.

Guardianship of the estate, also called “Guardian of Property,” where the guardian is responsible for managing the child’s money and financial matters, such as inheritance and settlements.

Reasons for Establishing Legal Guardianship of a Minor in Maryland

  • Illness (medical and psychiatric)
  • Death
  • Drug addiction
  • Incarceration
  • Mental incapacity
  • Neglect
  • Abandonment

When parents are unable or unfit to take care of their child, legal guardianship often becomes the only way to ensure a minor’s safety and well-being.

Temporary vs. Permanent Guardianship

In circumstances where parents are unable to take care of their child due to situations like sickness or imprisonment, the court has the authority to grant temporary guardianship of the minor child.

Conversely, permanent guardianship of minor children is awarded when it is found that a parent is consistently unable to provide their child with care and protection.

Responsibilities of a Guardian for a Minor  

The responsibilities of a guardian depend on specific circumstances and on the type of guardianship. Here are some possible guardian responsibilities:

  • Legal responsibilities: Decision-making rights regarding education, medical care, and general welfare.
  • Financial responsibilities: Managing a minor’s financial assets (if any) and ensuring the minor’s material needs are met.
  • Emotional and daily care: This pertains only to “Guardianship of the Person.” It includes providing a safe, nurturing environment for the minor.
  • Reporting and oversight: Regular court updates and potential oversight from child welfare organizations–until the minor reaches the age of majority or until the court determines otherwise.

How Long Does Guardianship Last?

When the court determines that the minor’s needs can be met by their parents or another adult, temporary guardianship ends.

Permanent guardianship, however, typically lasts until the child reaches legal adulthood–age 18, in most cases.

The Process of Becoming a Guardian for a Minor

Filing a Petition for Guardianship

First, you will need to complete and file various forms with your local court. These forms will ask about your relationship with the child and why you think it makes sense to be their guardian.


Once your petition is filed, be prepared for evaluations. These assessments may involve home visits and interviews to assess your capability to serve as a guardian. The primary goal is to determine whether serving as the guardian will be in the child’s best interest.

Court Hearings and the Role of the Judge

After evaluations, a court hearing will be scheduled, where a judge will review evidence, hear testimonies, and ask questions. The primary role of a judge is to ensure the child’s safety and well-being are maintained at all times.

Importance of Legal Representation

Navigating the guardianship process can be intricate; legal representation is invaluable. An attorney can guide you through the legal maze, ensuring all paperwork is accurately completed and filed. They can represent you during court hearings and advocate on your behalf.

Becoming the Legal Guardian of a Sibling

Taking on the responsibility of guardianship for a sibling is honorable, but it is also complex. The dynamics differ from other guardianship cases due to the close family bond and potential age proximity.

Specific Challenges and Considerations

Seeking guardianship of a sibling often comes with unique challenges. Becoming the legal guardian of a sibling is not just a legal decision. It is a decision intertwined with emotional ties, personal histories, and perhaps, shared traumas.

Factors the Court Considers

The court will ultimately act in the best interests of the minor. As such, while considering this difficult decision, they may weigh:

  • Your age,
  • Financial stability,
  • Your relationship with your sibling,
  • Your living situation, and
  • Any past legal issues.

Testimonies and Documentation Needed

To support your guardianship petition, you’ll need to present compelling evidence. This might include:

  • Character references, showcasing your capability to take on the role of guardianship.
  • Financial statements or proof of stable employment.
  • Any previous interactions or responsibilities you’ve taken concerning your sibling’s care.
  • Medical or educational records for your sibling, especially if you’ve previously been involved in these areas.

Becoming the guardian of your sibling is a brave step. It’s also filled with legal, emotional, and practical hurdles. The best way to address these challenges is to hire an experienced guardianship attorney.

Contested Guardianship of a Minor

It is not unusual for one or both parents to object to the guardianship of their child, especially in cases where the court considers it necessary and the parents disagree. In such circumstances, any party may request a hearing to contest the guardianship order.

What Does It Mean For Guardianship to Be Contested?

Contesting guardianship means that someone is challenging a court-ordered guardianship arrangement. When guardianship is contested, it is the challenger’s responsibility to prove why the order should be overturned or changed.

Reasons for Contesting Guardianship

  • The challenger (usually a parent) feels strongly that they can provide better care and protection for the child.
  • Belief that the guardian is unfit to serve in this role, for reasons such as substance abuse, mental illness, or criminal activity.
  • The guardian poses a financial threat to the child’s assets.
  • Allegations that the guardian is not following court orders accurately.
  • Beliefs that the guardian has failed in their duties, such as providing a safe and nurturing environment for the child.

What to Expect When Guardianship is Contested

The court will carefully examine all the evidence and hear testimonies from both parties before reaching a decision. These proceedings can be lengthy and emotionally exhausting so it’s important to remain patient.

Once the hearing concludes, the court will issue an order that either affirms the existing guardianship or makes adjustments to the original guardianship to ensure the interests of the minor are safeguarded.

How to Contest Guardianship

Challenging a guardianship decision revolves around the best interests of the minor. Here’s a brief guide on how to navigate this process.

Steps to Contest Guardianship:

  1. File an Objection: Submit your concerns to the court overseeing the guardianship.
  2. Attend the Hearing: Once your objection is filed, be prepared for a court date where all parties present their viewpoints.
  3. Comply with Legalities: Stay informed about any additional documents or deadlines specific to your region.

The Importance of Experienced Legal Representation

Considering all the complexities in contesting guardianship, having an experienced guardianship attorney is critical. They will guide you through legal procedures and represent you in court.

How PathFinder Law Group–A Guardianship Attorney–Can Help

  • Assistance with Petition: We can help you through the process of applying to become a guardian.
  • Guardian of Property: If needed we can step in and take on the responsibility of managing and protecting the minor’s assets.
  • Expertise and Knowledge: Our team has a deep understanding of guardianship laws. We can provide you with expert legal guidance.
  • Representation in Court: During hearings and procedures we will advocate for both your needs and those of the minor involved.
  • Handling Contested Cases: In cases where challenges to guardianship arise, we offer advice and strategies to support you.
  • Ensuring Compliance: We will ensure that all appointed guardians fulfill their duties as per court orders and state regulations.
  • Advice and Consultation: Our aim is to clarify the responsibilities, rights, and duties related to the guardianship of a minor in Maryland.
  • Mediation and Negotiation: If disagreements arise we can help facilitate resolutions outside the courtroom saving time and reducing strain.
  • Post-Appointment Support: We provide guidance even after your appointment as guardian, such as assistance with court reviews or adapting to changing circumstances.

Contact PathFinder Law Group Today

Guaranteeing a child’s well-being and safety is an absolute priority. When you need expert guidance and representation for your guardianship case, our team is here to help. Do you want to secure the best possible outcome for your guardianship case? Contact PathFinder Law Group or call us at (443) 579-4529 for a free consultation!

About Adam Zimmerman

Adam Zimmerman is known for his unique ability to put people at ease. Within minutes of meeting Adam, his clients realize he is not the stereotypical attorney and is genuinely invested in helping them through their life situations. He is committed to empowering his clients to be decision makers in the process, so they are knowledgeable about the course of action they decide over their affairs.